Rice Biryani is rich and royal: A Recipe


Mumtaz Mahal, the legendary wife of Shah Jahan, was a creative person and truly left her mark on history. Among her many interests, she was an accomplished cook, and as legend has it she invented biryani. The story of biryani is rich and royal.

Goat Meat ( Kachay Gohst ) Baryani:


  • 3 to 4 lbs. mutton (leg meat)
  • 3 mugs basmati rice
  • 6 oz. to 10 oz. oil
  • 3 to 4 large onions, sliced
  • 4 teaspoons freshly chopped garlic and garlic
  • Salt to taste
  • Red chilli powder to taste
  • 10 green cardamoms
  • ½ to ¾ teaspoon, peppercorns
  • ½ to ¾ teaspoon, cloves
  • 2 to 4 cinnamon sticks
  • 5 black cardamom pods
  • 16 oz to 20oz yogurt
  • 6 to 8 green chillies
  • ½ bunch coriander leaves
  • Orange food colour (a pinch)
  • 8 oz to 16 oz water
  • Dash of lemon juice
  • Ingredients to be added to boiling rice:
  • Salt to taste
  • 4 bay leaves
  • 4 cinnamon sticks
  • 3 black cardamom pods
  • ¼ teaspoon black peppercorns
  • ¼ teaspoon cloves


Heat oil and add meat, one-and-a-half sliced onions, ginger-garlic paste, salt, red chillies and whole garam masala. Cook until half done, adding brown onions (fried earlier) yogurt and lemon juice. Once meat is tender, set it aside. The biryani masala is ready.

In a separate pot (colander) boil water adding whole garam masala and bay leaves. Once water comes to boil add pre-soaked rice, keeping the rice to a tender crisp phase, since we only cook the rice completely in the dum phase. Drain rice; layer the pot with rice, topping with a layer of biryani masala, adding a second layer of rice. Top with fried onions, sprinkle food coloring, cilantro, mint, a pinch of garam masala powder and two teaspoons kewra. Seal pot with foil and lid. Keep full heat for five minutes and medium to low heat for 15 minutes, to complete the dum. Let sit for 10 minutes, mix and serve.

Garnish with green chillies, mint and chopped cilantro. Serve with a side of kachumer (chopped onion, tomato and green chillies salad) and raita.


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